Black Hills Knowledge Netowork

Apr 9, 2011

Oglala Lakota County - Health & Wellness

Oglala Lakota County ranks 59th out of 60 counties in South Dakota for overall health outcomes in 2017.

The percentage of Oglala Lakota County adults who smoke exceeds both the state and national average, with 40 percent admitting they smoke compared to 20 percent statewide and 14 percent nationwide. The amount of people who drink excessively, 17 percent, is lower than the state average of 18 percent, but higher than the national average of 12 percent.

Obesity in Oglala Lakota County is the higher than both the state and national averages of 30 percent and 26 percent, respectively, at 43 percent.

The teen birth rate in Oglala Lakota County is 104 per 1,000 females ages 15-19. This is significantly higher than the national average of 17 per 1,000 females and the state average of 34 births per 1,000 females.

The amount of children that live in poverty in Oglala Lakota County is 47 percent, higher that the national and state percentages of 12 and 18 percent, respectively. 68 percent of children in Oglala Lakota County live in single-parent homes.

The incidence of sexually transmitted infections is also high when compared to state and national statistics. Oglala Lakota County reports that 2,642 per 100,000 people are infected with an STD, compared to just 145 per 100,000 people in the nation and 493 per 100,000 people in the state. 

Premature death in Oglala Lakota County is 23,700 per 100,000 people which is significantly higher than the state average of 6,900 per 100,000 people and the national average of 5,200 per 100,000 people.

One third of residents reported poor health, compared to the state average of 13 percent and the national average of 12 percent. The amount of poor physical and mental health days was higher than the state and national average. 

The amount of people uninsured in Oglala Lakota County is 19 percent, just above the state's 12 percent and the nation’s 8 percent.

Check out last year's overall health outcomes here

For more information on how Oglala Lakota County ranks in health categories, check out the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation County Health Ranking.

For more data related to the risks faced by young people in Oglala Lakota County, see data provided by Kids Count at the University of South Dakota.

Hospitals & Clinics

Indian Health Services

  • Pine Ridge Hospital is the largest Sioux hospital in the Great Plains region. Located in Pine Ridge, 16 physicians and staff at Pine Ridge Hospital oversee medical, obstetrical, pediatric, and surgical patients. With 45 beds, PRH includes full service general surgery, dental services, and an obstetrical ward.
  • The Kyle Health Center, located in Kyle, South Dakota, on the Pine Ridge Reservation is an ambulatory care center with outpatient services. The outpatient department is staffed with four physicians, four nurses, a pharmacist, optometrist, laboratory technician, and radiology technician. The Health Center also offers dental services.
  • Wanblee Health Center, in Jackson County, is staffed by a pharmacist, dentist, clinic nurse, a physician's assistant, and physician consultants.
  • Three additional health stations in Allen, Manderson, and Porcupine also operate within the Pine Ridge Service Unit.

Pine Ridge Regional Medical Clinic

  • Regional Health operates one clinic in Pine Ridge, Monday through Thursday from 8:30am to 4:30pm. Orthopedic clinics dealing with bone, muscle, or joint issues can be made by appointment.

Sports & Recreation

Badlands National Park offers a variety of designated hiking trails and camping opportunities for those looking for outdoor activities in Oglala Lakota County.

More Information

For more data on the health and wellness of the citizens of South Dakota and the Black Hills, please check out our sister project the South Dakota Dashboard’s interactive graphs and charts.

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